Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug (historical name of the okrug is Ugra) was established on the 10th of December 1930 due to the decision of the Russian Central Executive Committee as Ostyako-Vogulski National Okrug with the centre in the village Samarovo.
Okrug consisted of 6 districts: Berezovski, Kondinski, Lar’yakski, Samarovski, Surgutski, Shuryshkarski. 17 January 1934 Okrug was integrated in the Ob-Irtysh Region, 7 December 1934 Okrug was integrated in Omsk Region. 4 July 1937 Shuryshkarski district passed to Yamalo-Nenetsski National Okrug. According to the Degree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated 23 October 1940 Ostyako-Vogulsky National Okrug was renamed into Khanty-Mansiysk National Okrug. 14 August 1944 Okrug was integrated in the newly formed Tumen Region.
According to the Constitution of the USSR, enacted on the 7th of October 1977, Khanty-Mansiysk National Okrug obtained Autonomous status and became Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug.
According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation 1993 Okrug is an equal subject of the Russian Federation.
According to the Decree, dated 25 July 2003 № 841, Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug was renamed into Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra.
Symbols of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug are crest and flag, anthem of the Okrug
Total number of municipal units is 22.
Administrative centre of the Okrug is Khanty-Mansiysk.
Square – 534.8 thousand sq.km
Population (1 Jan. 2005) – 1469,00 thousand people.
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug consists of:
9 districts (Beloyarski, Berezovski, Kondinski, Nefteuganski, Nizhnevartovki,
Oktyabrski, Sovetski, Surgutski, Khanty-Mansiyski);
16 towns (Khanty-Mansiysk, Beloyarski, Kogalym, Langepas, Megion, Nefteugansk,
Nizhnevartovsk, Nyagan, Pokachi, Pyt-Yakh, Raduzhni, Surgut, Uraj, Ugorsk, Lyantor, Sovetski), including 14 town of Okrug subordination (Khanty-Mansiysk, Beloyarski, Kogalym, Langepas, Megion, Nefteugansk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nyagan, Pokachi, Pyt-Yakh, Raduzhni, Surgut, Uraj, Ugorsk) and 2 town of district importance (Lyantor, Sovetski).
70 village administrations;
The Okrug is the main oil-and-gas bearing region in Russia and one of the biggest oil-producing regions of the world. It is considered to be a region-donor of Russia and takes the lead according several economical indicators:
1st place - industrial output
1st place - output of oil
1st place - output of electrical power
2nd place - natural gas production
2nd place - volume of investments in the capital stock
2nd place - return of duties in the budget system
The Okrug is situated in the middle part of Russia. It occupies the central part of West Siberian Plain. In the north the Okrug borders with Yamalo-Nenetski Okrug, in the north-west with the Komi Republic, on the south-west with the Sverdlovsk region, on the south with the Tobolsk and Uvat districts of the Tumen region, on the south-east and east with Tomsk region and the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
Climate is strongly continental. Average temperature in January is -18º- 24º C
Average temperature in July is +15.7º- 18.4º C.
Annual amount of precipitations is 400-550 mm. Snow-cover height is 50-80 cm. In July the amount of precipitations is max., about 15% of the annual amount.
River net of the Okrug is formed by Ob and Irtysh, 12 confluents and a great amount of small rivers. Total number is about 30 thousands.
The main minerals are oil and gas. The oil-and-gas fields are Samotlorskoe, Fedorovskoe, Mamontovskoe, Priobskoe.
Economy specifics are connected with finding of oil-and-gas fields. In the sectoral structure of industrial products oil and gas industry composes 89.4%, electrical power industry – 5.5%, engineering and metalworking – 2.4%, gas processing industry – 1.6%, lumbering industry and woodworking industry – 0.24%, construction materials production – 0.24%, food industry – 0.17%, oil-refining industry – 0.1%.
Peculiar beauty of Khanty-Mansiysk surprises guests, here modern buildings and untrod forest of fir-trees, cedars, and pine trees harmonically go together. The town is situated at the root of Samarovskaya mountain and is washed by streams of Irtysh. Khanty-Mansiysk is being built up, developing from day to day. A little time will pass and the town will become a real metropolitan city.